Pohnpei Government consists of three
branches: Executive, Legislative and Judiciary. The Executive Branch is headed
by a freely elected Governor whose term is four years. The Legislative is
unicameral and is composed of 23 senators, who are elected to a four year term.
The Judiciary Branch consists of a Chief Justice and up to four Associate
Justice who sit on one court. In addition to the FSM National Government that
sits in Palikir, Pohnpei, there are 11 local governments in Pohnpei.
Pohnpei has a typical mixed economy consisting mostly of government,
households and businesses. The economy can best be described as a blend of
subsistence and economic dependency. The economy is dominated mostly by the
provisions of the annual economic assistance provided under the Compact of Free
Association agreement between the United States and the Federated States of
The public sector dominates the employment structure of the Pohnpei economy
and much of the activities and employments in the private sector is driven by
the wages and salaries of government employees and activities of the three
levels of governments (national, state and municipal) and related agencies.
Other areas of employment include wholesale and retail sectors, construction,
fishing, agriculture, hotels, restaurants and small scale informal manufacturing
sectors. The FSM uses the US currency.
Pohnpei Law requires that free education shall be available to all children
from 5 to 16 years old. The Department of Education is responsible for public
school programs, which is carried out in 31 elementary schools and 3 high
schools. Several private schools are also operating in Pohnpei State. The
College of Micronesia-FSM provides post secondary education up to two years.
The Pohnpei State Government operates the main hospital and several
dispensaries in the outlaying areas on Pohnpei proper and in the outer islands,
Several clinics are being operated by private investors on the island of Pohnpei.
Critical health conditions are referred to off-island medical facilities, mostly
in the Philippines for further medical attention.
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